Mathematics provides universal language for understanding the world, the ability to reason mathematically, an appreciation of the beauty and power of mathematics, and cultivates curiosity. We want all students to master the subject as it is essential to everyday life, critical to science, technology and engineering, and necessary for financial literacy and most forms of employment.


As we identify the key knowledge students should master in mathematics, we think carefully about how we want students to think as mathematicians.  We want students to: 

  • develop confidence and fluency in the fundamentals of mathematics so that they develop conceptual understanding and are therefore able to apply their mathematics to a variety of problems and unfamiliar contexts, as well as real life scenarios.
  • ask questions and reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry and develop and present a justification, argument or proof using mathematical language. 
  • have an appreciation of number and number operations, which enables mental calculations and written procedures to be performed efficiently, fluently and accurately to be successful in mathematics.


The mathematics curriculum is sequenced around the following key concepts*:

  • Number
    • Understand and represent number
    • Calculations
    • Understand fractions and decimals
    • Percentages
  • Algebra
    • Equivalence and Proof
    • Solve Equations and Inequalities
    • Linear Graphs
    • Non-linear Graphs
    • Sequences
    • Understand Notation and Substitute
  • Ratio, proportion and rates of change
    • Multiplicative Relationships
    • Ratio & Rates
  • Geometry and measures
    • Perimeter, Area and Volume
    • Construct and Transform Geometric Figures
    • Shape properties
    • Angles
    • Pythagoras and Trigonometry
    • Geometrical Proof
  • Probability
    • Probability
  • Statistics
    • Represent and Interpret Data
    • Statistical Measures
    • Bivariate Data


* additional key concepts introduced in advanced level study include Calculus and Applied Mathematics.


In Years 1-6, the curriculum is delivered through Big Maths. Big Maths takes the broader curriculum statements from the national curriculum and breaks them down into smaller manageable steps. These steps are then mapped across each term and used as the basis of curriculum planning. This document outlines the small step progression for each term.


Subjects include GCSE Mathematics and A-level Mathematics.

Back To Top